From the creation of designs and fabrics to the making of yarns, threads and embroidery, textile design courses encompass all the various processes where raw material makes the final products.
Various colleges at various levels offer textile design courses viz Diploma, Certificate, Undergraduate, Postgraduate and Doctoral courses. Depending on their level of qualification, one is eligible to pursue these courses. Given below is the list of Fashion and Textile Design Courses at different levels.
1.Certification in Textile Design
- After enrolling for the desired course, you can get admission to Online Certificate Courses, while you need to fill the application form and submit it to the Institute’s website for Offline Certification Courses.
- You can apply for Certification courses after completing 12th or an equivalent level.
- The duration of Textile Certification Courses ranges from a few weeks to 6 months.
2.Diploma in Textile Design
- Diploma courses are beneficial as it helps the candidates to develop design concepts and generate ideas for designing fabrics.
- Depending on the course, you can apply for admission to these textile courses after the completion of 12th or graduation.
- Diploma courses generally have a duration period of 1 to 2 years.
- Universities generally release the application forms for these courses in the month of May or June.
3.Bachelors in Textile Design
source: Om sterling global university
- Undergraduate Fashion and Textile Design Courses generally deal with designing different types of fabrics in the textile industry and nurturing the creativity of the students.
- You can get admission to these courses on the basis of merit as well as after clearing the entrance exam. However, admission on merit basis is the best for majority of colleges of India.
- The duration of the undergraduate textile courses is 3 to 4 years.
4.Masters in Textile Design
- These are advance courses which make the students familiar with all the important topics of Textile Design and the processes involved.
- Admission to masters textile courses are both on merit as well as entrance basis and the duration of these courses is 2 years.
5.PhD Textile Design
- This is the highest level of studies in the field of Textile Design. The duration of the PhD course is 3 to 6 years.
- UGC NET conducts an exam at the national level passing. The candidate is eligible for admission to these textile courses.
Let us now take a look at the characteristics of warp yarn. This is an important chapter in any textile design online course-
Characteristics of Warp Yarn
- According to fashion and textile design courses, the selection of warp yarns must efficiently produce fabric. Also, it must give the necessary weaving performance and must also meet the end-user requirements and product performance.
The determining factor behind the yarn count range will be the loom set-up and the product required. Yarn counts will be varied within the capacity of the loom depending on the fabric construction and set. Filament yarns and medium- to high-twist staple yarns are generally used in warps.
According to a textile design online course, the twist must be sufficient to give the strength required of a warp.
At the same time, it must not be so high as to lower the yarn extension and make it brittle. Thus, it is easy to break with the sudden load changes that the yarn undergoes during the weaving cycle.
- The product specification and end use will determine the fibre content of the warp but also by the yarn performance needed in the warp during weaving. Both filament yarns from synthetic fibres and staple yarns from natural fibres can create warps. In general, the warp yarns not only have the ability to withstand considerable strain in weaving but their performance is also good. The product characteristics and design come from the weft yarns. Warp yarns need resilience and good tensile strength. According to textile courses, woollen yarns of low strength and low-twist are unsuitable in the warp but could be used in the weft. During the weaving cycle, the tension on the warp yarns changes as shed forms during beat-up. This change, which is very sudden, places high, short term strain on the warp yarns. Causing a defect in the material are the breakages in the warp. We should take care of the machine down time and mend the shed at a later stage.
According to fashion and textile design courses, movement through the loom makes the warp yarn undergo abrasion during the weaving process and also the yarns are manipulated during the shed formation due to abrasion with adjacent yarns.
This will result in downtime and fabric defects as the yarns with low abrasion resistance will quickly abrade and break.
Problems will also be caused in the warp due to uneven yarns since the unevenness will result in weakness in the yarns and when thicker parts of the yarn pass through the loom or rub against adjacent yarns there will also be an increase in abrasion. Appearance faults in the finished fabric is also a result of uneven yarns.
- We have now reached the final stage of yarn making, that is winding, during which the yarn is cleared of knots and faults that might cause obstruction in weaving. For weaving, the yarn is wound into packages of appropriate size.
- According to textile courses, rapid detection of yarn faults, cutting out the faulty section and re-joining the yarn by pneumatic splicing is carried out through automatic winding and clearing machines.
Get yourself enrolled in a textile design course to get challenged and rewarded at the same time as the textile industry is one of the oldest industries that has been flourishing in India.
Also Read: Textile Designing- Tie and Dye Techniques
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