India being a “Land of Colours and Wonder” never ceases to amaze us in any way. The embroidery designs of India are truly a breath-taking art form that date back to over a hundred years. Indian embroidery designs have come a long way since then and have changed with the modern trends. Embroidery has managed to remain elegant and sophisticated over time. Embroidery designs are created according to the fabric, its texture and the type of stitch. The designs of embroidery include the dot, the circle, the square, the triangle, etc.
Embroidery designing is the act of decorating a piece of fabric using a needle and thread. This can turn any fabric into a beautiful piece of clothing. Embroidery can be done on any type of fabric like cotton, silk, wool, velvet, etc. to make them look attractive. Fashion always keeps changing, but the Indian embroidery designs have managed to maintain a place in the fashion industry throughout all the changing scenarios.
Indian embroidery designs are known for their elegance and sophistication. There are many designs which have a craze among women like, chikankari, kasuti, phulkari, kantha, etc. Many fashion designing institutes have given a whole new outlook to the embroidery designs through their embroidery courses. With the use of embroidery you can decorate fabrics as well as home décor items. A special thing about Indian embroidery is that it can make anything look beautiful and elegant, be it a fabric or a home décor item.
The Famous Indian Embroidery Designs
There are a variety of embroidery techniques in India and each technique possesses a special quality. There is something different about each technique which makes it unique and different from others. If we look closely, most of the embroidery designs mainly consist of flowers and leaves. The ancient Indians used to draw their inspiration from ‘Mother Nature’ as they worshipped her and this was reflected in various embroidery designs. Let us have a look at the different embroidery styles from India.
Chikankari also commonly known as Chikan, is believed to have originated in the Mughal era, by Nur Jahan, the wife of Emperor Jahangir. The roots of chikankari embroidery can be found in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. It began with embroidery on white cotton clothes, but today it is done on every type and colour of fabric. Chikan embroidery on silk was founded in Lucknow.
This embroidery technique requires lots of patience, skill and hard work. The artisan generally creates a motif of animals or flowers like the lotus, the lily, etc. You can see chikan embroidery designs on sarees, salwar suits, lehenga, palazzo and many other types of garments. Not only clothes but many home décor items are also decorated using the chikan embroidery like curtains, table runners, etc. There were around 40 different types of stitches used to make chikan embroidery, out of which 30 are still in practice today.
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Kantha is an age-old stitching practice, which is believed to have evolved in Indian states of Bengal and Orissa. It is considered to be the oldest form of embroidery technique in India, the origin of which can be traced back to the pre-Vedic age. The motifs used to make Kantha embroidery are inspired by religion, culture and the lives of women stitching them. The best thing about this embroidery design is that there is no right side or wrong side, you can create motifs on both sides of the fabric. Traditionally, old clothes and sarees were put together and stitched to make a quilt. At present, Kantha embroidery is used on kurtas/kurtis, dupattas, sarees and is even used to make home décor items like cushions, book covers, etc.
Kasuti is a traditional embroidery style which originated in the state of Karnataka. Kasuti work is considered to be very intricate as it consists of patterns like a chariot, a palanquin, lamps, conch shells, etc. This embroidery style requires a lot of patience and is very laborious. In this style, the patterns are stitched without using knots to ensure that both the sides look the same. Kasuti embroidery style is gaining popularity outside the boundaries of its origin state which encourages rural women to showcase their craft. This embroidery style can be found on women’s apparel like a stole or a dupatta. Kasuti can also be used to create beautiful cushion covers for your home.
Image Source- Kai Krafts Blog
The literal translation of phulkari is ‘flower work’. This embroidery style originated in Iran where it is known as ‘Gulkari’. Phulkari is more common in Punjab, Haryana and Gujarat. It is believed that it entered India with the Jat immigrants. The motifs created through this style represent the values of Punjab. It is mostly practiced by the rural women of Punjab and Haryana.
There is a reference of Phulkari in the Vedas, the Mahabharat, the Guru Granth Sahib and the folk songs of Punjab. It is believed that Phulkari embroidery has been popular since the 15th century. In the present times, artists also have the freedom of creativity. Phulkari is done mostly on Khadi, which is a dull looking cloth and Phulkari embroidery designs make it look colourful and vibrant. This style can be found on dupattas, shawls, kurtis, etc. It can also be used to make keychain holders and tab covers.
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These are a few types of Indian embroidery designs. You can learn different types of embroidery designs by enrolling in our embroidery courses. At Hunar Online, you will get access to easy video classes which are accessible throughout the day and allow you to learn from anywhere. You will get 24/7 faculty support and a chance to learn from the experts of the industry.
So, what are you waiting for? Join Hunar Online Courses and start paving a new path for your career today!