Embroidery Designs

Indian and Western Embroidery Designs

Embroidery is considered to be a very relaxing hobby and now-a-days the demand for it is also increasing. Many people are taking up their career in embroidery and it has also proved to be a promising industry if one is really good in this craft. Embroidery is an intricate art of decorating a simple piece of fabric using different stitching techniques. Not only fashion, but embroidery can be spotted on various other materials like cushions, curtains, table clothes and other decorative materials.

With the changing fashion trends, embroidery style has also adapted itself accordingly. Embroidery in India has come a long way and now it has also become an important part of the fashion designing industry. It has been passed on to us since generations and the authenticity of Indian embroidery is still alive. On the other hand, western embroidery is more creative. At first it may seem intimidating and tough to learn but once you get a hold of it, you will realise that it is not complex. There are a vast number of stitches and patterns in western embroidery.

Let’s have a look at the different types of Indian and western embroidery one by one.


It is believed that the chikankari style of embroidery was invented by the Mughal queen ‘Noor Jahan’, the wife of Jahangir. The origin of this popular embroidery design is Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. The embroidery of chikan on silk is the own innovation of Lucknow. Chikankari style of embroidery involves the use of white thread on white fabric. Any fabric like muslin, silk, cotton and others can be used for this embroidery style. With the changing fashion trend you can get chikan embroidery designs in every colour possible. This embroidery style can be easily spotted on fashion garments of women especially kurtis. Creating this embroidery design requires a lot of patience and skill. Usually the artisans depict the motif of nature like flora and fauna.

2. Zardosi

This embroidery design was introduced in India by the Mughals in the late 16th century. It is one of the most opulent forms of Indian embroidery. The word Zardosi is derived from two Persian words, Zar and Dosi. Zar means gold and dosi means embroidery. So this form of embroidery design makes use of metallic thread to create the intricate designs and patterns. Real gold and silver threads are used on silk, brocade and velvet fabric. The embroidery design is embellished with pearls and precious stones which makes it affordable only by the rich people. Now-a-days gold coloured plastic threads are used to make it more affordable for the normal people. This embroidery design can be found in sarees, lehengas, blouses and more and makes you look extremely glamorous and confident.  

zardosi embroidery

Image Source- Pinterest

3. Aari Embroidery

The name of this embroidery design comes from hooked, sharp needles that are used in this technique. The origin of this embroidery design comes from the Mughals and is widely practiced in Rajasthan, Lucknow and Kashmir. The details in the embroidery design are inspired by nature and it stands out because of its richness. This style is easy to maintain and therefore it is widely used by people as it provides comfort with fashion.

4.Banjara Embroidery

Banjara embroidery is a mix of applique with mirrors and beadwork and is practiced by the Lambada gypsy tribe of Andhra Pradesh. For this embroidery design bright coloured fabrics are used and motifs are made using cross-stitch. It can be included in both modern as well as traditional garments.

banjara embroidery

Image Source- Google Arts & Culture

5.Stem Stitch

Stem stitch is a part of western embroidery. It is essential when one is learning hand embroidery. It is one of the pillars of surface embroidery. As the name suggests, it is used for making stems but apart from it can also be used to stitch straight and curvy lines and also fill in the gaps.

Also Read : 3 Hand Embroidery Stitches To Create Unique T-Shirt Designs

6.The French Knot

One of the most well-known western embroidery designs is the French knot technique. This technique is simple in the sense that it is easy to execute but the look and feel created by this technique is very fresh. The French knot basically means knotting the fabric in the same spot more than once and creating a thick pattern. Different colours of threads are used for creating patterns like flower bunches, fruit bunches and leaves. Mostly this kind of technique is used for designing home décor fabrics but a lot can be done if Indian style floral patterns are created using the French knot technique.

7.The Lazy Daisy

This embroidery design has the most fun name which perfectly describes the feel created using this embroidery technique. The lazy daisy embroidery technique, as the name suggests, is very loosely done in a way that simple patterns can be created. The embroidery designs created using this technique are not so closely packed but still give out a beautiful look. The designs created are pleasing to look at and can be made using different colours. The lazy daisy technique is mostly used on home décor fabrics like curtains, tablecloths etc., but in recent times many Indian fabric designers are using these on fabrics.

lazy daisy

Image Source- Craft with Jayasri

People assume that Embroidery is very tough but that is not true. To master this skill, you just need to be consistent. Hunar Online Courses offers an Embroidery Course where you can use your creative skills and create different designs and much more. You can enrol in our Online Embroidery Courses. It has easy video classes which are accessible every time and you can learn from anywhere. You also get 24/7 faculty support which will help you clear your doubts.

So, what are you waiting for? Join Hunar Online’s Embroidery course and start learning to create different designs and so much more from the best in this industry! Enrol now to start your journey towards a successful career!

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