Pencil shading holds a major significance in the world of realistic art. It is used as an art form for representing the depth and intensity of the subject. Shading takes the drawings to an entirely new level, adding in them a realistic feel of appeal. If you have ever taken a online course on fashion designing, you will know the importance of fashion designing in the lives of fashion designers. There are some basic techniques of pencil shading. To master the art, you need to be thorough with these techniques.
Now let’s begin discussing each type of technique in details so that it helps you get started with pencil sketching.
Point & Flat Shading
Decide if you want to use the point of the pencil or the side of it. Shading with the pencil side will give you a softer and grainer texture whereas shading with the pencil point will render you a finer texture and increased tone. If you want a greater coverage, it is always advisable to opt for flat shading. But if control is your priority, you need to go for point shading. Try experimenting both to get a clear idea of what will best suit your requirements.
Decide the direction you want to shade in, horizontal or vertical. Implementing shading in both the direction in the same picture generally shows a change in a plane that has a different impression altogether. Hence, control your direction of shading.
Contour shading is an implementation of directional shading where you need to shade for a specific contour structure. This type of shading technique gives effects of a strong and crisp dimension in the picture. It is advisable to follow a relaxed approach, keeping the perspective in mind.
Unnecessary banding often spoils the look and texture of the shaded picture. To avoid this, it is advisable to keep trying different directions with your pencil at random intervals. Consider making longer and shorter strokes randomly. Do overlap wherever and whenever necessary. This will give a realistic touch to your shading.
Shading using overlapping circles is often preferred to achieve a minimized texture. For obtaining this effect start gently by working with your pencil, creating an overlapping pattern, gradually going deeper.
Shading concerning Perspective
Many beginners fail to make their shading direction follow the perspective. It is very critical to shade in perspective, gradually changing the angle to prevent a flattened look of your sketch.
With varying line-weights, you can obtain light or dark tones in your shade. This can be achieved by applying the required amount of pressure while implementing directional shading.
It is essential for the beginners to know and understand all these techniques for avoiding the common pencil shading mistakes. By exploring all these concepts, you will see that some techniques just work wonders for certain subjects while they fall flat for others. Just keep your mind open and have a keen eye for pencil shading. You can soon master the art.
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