Fabric designing is both creative and technical. It involves the use of a lot of colours and patterns to give the fabric a unique design. The technicality lies in making those patterns and designs with the help of woven threads and fabrics. It plays a major role in the fashion designing industry and also in home interior designing. Fabrics inspire a variety of fashion and trends and they can be used to decorate your home interior.
With the advancement in technology, different ways have been developed to decorate and design fabrics. Most of the fashion designing courses are giving special attention to fabric designing because it serves as the base for other fashion courses.
What are the different ways of Fabric Designing?
There are various ways through which we can create patterns and designs on a fabric. Let’s have a look at them one by one.
Fabric printing is the process of decorating fabrics with the help of colours, dyes, pigments, etc. It is one of the oldest methods but is hugely practiced in the modern period. There are different methods of fabric printing, some of them are very popular and in demand. They are as follows:-
In this method, a wooden block is carved with the a design to be used for printing. The design carved out on the wooden block is then dipped in paint and then is transferred directly on the fabric. Even pressure is applied on the block so as to ensure that the design has been printed evenly. This is one of the most popular methods of fabric printing and has been used for a very long time. The best thing about this method is that no use of machinery is required and the prints are exactly the same every time. It is a very cost effective method and is great for small-scale businesses. However, there are some limitations to it. As the designs are carved on the wooden block with hands, it is not very detailed. Block printing cannot be used for large scale businesses and only one design can be printed with one block.
Image Sources- Fashion Insiders
b) Screen Printing
It is considered as one of the professional printing methods. This method uses a stencil and a nylon mesh which are then placed in a frame over a piece of fabric. Then colour is poured in the frame and pressed firmly with a squeegee to print designs on the fabric. This method creates amazing replications and the pattern stays for a long time as the colour is absorbed in the fabric. It is cost effective for large orders but only one colour can be used at a time, which is a major drawback.
Image Source- Premier Ink Designs
2.Indian Hand Painting
Indian hand painting depicts the rich heritage and culture of India. In the earlier days the walls of temples and palaces were painted using this techniques but slowly it was practiced on fabrics as well. Different regions produced different styles of paintings and thus different names were given to them. The most famous ones among them are Madhubani, Warli and
Kalamkari. Madhubani was founded in a small village of Bihar. This hand painting technique is very intrinsic and colourful. Apart from the fabric, these paintings can also be spotted on the houses of villages in Bihar. Kalamkari originated almost 300 years ago. It was initially used to decorate sarees and dhotis of the royal family. Warli painting was done by one of the tribes of Maharashtra. Warli flaunts the day to day life of these tribal people and gives a unique look to the fabric.
Image Source- Deccan Herald
Before artificial colours were discovered, fabrics were dyed in different shades and colours with the help of natural dyes. Various natural dyes are made from plants, leaves, roots, vegetables, etc. Natural dyeing is considered eco-friendly and does not contain any harmful elements, which makes it very popular. Not all natural elements will produce a colour but some of them will give a desired shade. For example, orange colour can be obtained from carrots, gold lichen and onion skin and you can produce green colour with the help of artichokes, spinach, mint leaves, lilacs, etc. Cherries, red and pink roses, berries, avocado skin and seed can give you a natural pink shade and red cabbage, indigo, blueberries, etc. can produce blue colour. To get a yellow shade use sunflower petals, turmeric, marigold, bay leaves, etc. Make sure to use ripe and fresh plant materials to get different colours. Dried materials will give different shade or no shade at all. For the dyeing process, the fabric needs to be wet. A fixative is needed, which helps the fabric to absorb the natural dyes easily. For berries, salt and cold water is required and for other plant materials, vinegar and cold water is needed. The fabric should be placed in the solution for at least half an hour so the fabric is dyed perfectly.
Image Source- Pinterest
There are various ways to design a fabric and create striking designs and patterns on it. The NSDC fabric designing courses ensure that the students learns about different techniques in the best possible way. It provides a certification by the Govt. Of India and Hunar Online. While you enrol in the course, you get a free starter-kit to start your dream course. Not only this, but you also get a chance to have your designs reviewed by top Bollywood fashion designer and celebrity mentor, Neeta Lulla. She is well-known for designing costumes for movies like, Devdas, Bajirao Mastani, Jodha Akbar, etc. At Hunar Online, you will get access to detailed video lessons and can learn from anywhere. You will get 24/7 faculty support and a chance to learn from the experts of the industry.
So, what are you waiting for? Join Hunar Online Courses and start paving a new path to your career.