In Garment Making Industry, a stitch is a series of repetitive single turns or loops of threads or yarns through interloping, intralooping or interlacing. It is the most important element of sewing, knitting, embroidery, crochet and needle lace-making whether done by hand or machine. There are three methods to create different stitches and it can be formed using any one of them. The different methods are as follows:
Interloping Method: As the name suggests, in this method one loop of thread is passed through another loop of thread to create different types of stitches.
- Intralooping Method: In this method one thread is used. One loop is passed through the other loop of the same thread.
- Interlacing Method: In this method, stitches are formed by passing one thread over another thread.
Stitches play a major role in garment designing. They have a great influence on the look, texture, and feel of the apparel. Adopting effective stitching techniques is very important to get a perfectly designed end product that will appeal to the buyers. Simple stitch details can make a huge difference in plane apparel. If you attend a fashion designing workshop you will know the importance of stitches for clothing. The different side of the fabric also decides how a stitch should be done.
The garment industry uses 6 major types of stitching methods. Exploring these stitching techniques thoroughly will help in effectively designing all types of outfits. You can explore these stitching through online garment creation classes. So let’s get started.
1. Chain stitch
The chain stitch is very important for embroidery. It is basically a loop stitch, which is worked along curved or straight lines. This type of stitching is also used as a design filler. Chain stitch has many variations. They are:
- detached chain
- heavy chain
- lazy daisy
- feathered chain
- square chain
- cable chain
- zig-zag chain
Image Source- Create Whimsy
2. Hand Stitch
Hand stitches still have many applications. There are still some garments that are entirely hand-made. Hand stitch is mostly preferred for finishing works such as securing fasteners, hemming, etc. The different types of hand stitch include running stitch, hemming stitch, and basting stitch, cross stitch slip stitch, catch stitch, back stitch, overcast stitch, and invisible stitch.
Lockstitch is a commonly used mechanical stitch pattern. This stitch is typically done by using two thread systems- the needle thread and the bobbin thread. The front and rear side generally have the same appearance. Lockstitch is specially used for the front packet, collar, and bottom hem.
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4. Covering Chain Stitch
Covering chain stitch is a special kind of stitch that is used widely for cushion cover sewing. This type of stitch is typically obtained by using a flatlock sewing machine. The covering chain stitch is generally formed by a triple thread system. It is mostly used for decorative purposes. It can also be used for bottom hem and sleeve hem.
5. Multi-Thread Stitch
Multi-thread stitch is widely used in the side seam of the garments. This stitch is done by using a double thread system- needle thread and looper thread. The appearance of this stitch is the difference in the front and rear side. Multi-thread stitch is mostly used in inseam in jeans pants and side seam in shirts. It is even used for sewing the front packet.
6. Over Edge Stitch
It is also known as over-lock stitch. Over-edge chain stitch is mostly used for side seam and inseam of garments. It is formed by one or more sets of threads with at least one set of thread going around the raw edge. The overlock sewing machine typically obtains it. This type of stitch is preferred for neatening and binding cut edges.
Image Source- Craftsy
Each of these types mentioned above varies from the other and has its unique application in the garment industry. For recognizing the full usability and scope of the various stitches, it is important to know them in-depth. A garment making online course by professional mentors will help you get in-depth knowledge about each of these stitches. Remember, not every stitch suits every fabric and not all stitches can solve a particular purpose.
There is a huge variety of stitches that you can use while making a garment. Stitches are the base for making garments and a fashion designer must have ideas about the different types of stitches that are used for different purposes. It is generally assumed by people that Garment Making is very tough but that is not true. To master this skill, you just need to be consistent. Hunar Online Courses offers a Garment Making Course where you can use your creative skills and create different types of designer garments for different occasions and festivals. You can enrol in our Online Garment Making Courses. It has easy video classes which are accessible every time and you can learn from anywhere. You also get 24/7 faculty support which will help you clear your doubts.
So, what are you waiting for? Join Hunar Online’s Garment Making Course and start learning to create different designer garments for different occasions and festivals from the best in this industry! Enrol now to start your journey towards a successful career! Enrol in our creative courses today and get your skills recognised by the Government of India by the National Skills Development Corporation.